Sperm Donation: Everything you need to know

For a lot of couples, getting pregnant is not easy and infertility plays a major role in shattering their dream of becoming parents. However, sperm donation has emerged as a ray of hope in the lives of these unfortunate couples. It is the process where a man who is a sperm donor donates his semen so that it can be used in the artificial insemination methods to be used on the recipient woman to achieve pregnancy. Since it is a big decision for the couple, careful planning and understanding the whole process is of utmost importance.

Sperm Donation:

Sperm donation is the process wherein screened sperm donors donate their sperms which are collected and preserved to be used in procedures like IUI (IntraUterine Insemination), IVF(In Vitro Fertilisation) etc. Many IVF clinics have their own sperm bank which stores the healthy frozen donor sperms. These donor sperm can be used in male infertility cases during IUI or IVF.

Only the Best IVF Centre in Delhi must be selected for the procedure that follows  strict donor screening and sperm banking protocols. Before selecting a donor and a donor sperm, the donor is made to undergo a number of psychological, medical and genetic tests and each donor sample is checked for any prevailing genetic disorders and STDs (sexually transmitted diseases).

Sperm donation has proven to be a blessing for couples who are unable to conceive due to lack of sperms as they can cherish parenthood through IVF or IUI using donor sperms.

Need for Donor Sperms:

Various reasons lead to the decision of using a healthy donated sperm. Sperm donation are required in the following cases:

  • Male infertility factors – if man has a low or no sperm count in the semen. The common conditions of infertility are:
  • Azoospermia – This is a condition in which the semen is completely devoid of sperms. There may be biological type or acquired type of azoospermia in men. The acquired type occur either because of a previous genital surgery or may occur while treating cancer in the patient.
  • Oligospermia – This is a condition in which very few sperms are observed in the ejaculate than normal. It is one of the major causes of failed pregnancy attempts since the chances of egg fertilisation is nearly impossible.
  • Asthenozoospermia – This is a condition where sperms lack in motility, because of which the sperms are unable to swim to the egg for fertilisation.
  • Presence of genetic defects in the man which can be transferred  to the embryo
  • Rhesus incompatibility between the partners causes failed pregnancy attempts.

Selecting the right donor:

Donor could be either known or someone anonymous. In the case of a known donor, the patient asks someone in their known to donate a sprem for them to use.

In the case of a more commonly used practice i.e. anonymous donor, sperms are used from a sperm bank. For this, you have to select the best IVF centre in Delhi with a high success rate in IVF, IUI, ICSI etc.

The sperm donors undergo various tests to ensure that they are healthy with no physical disability and no hereditary or genetic disease. The information like race, colour, habits, family history and physical characteristics are noted down in the sperm banks. The recipient couple can talk to their IVF specialist and can clear out all the doubts they have in their mind before deciding their donor.

Sperm Donation procedure:

Donor sperm can be used in any of the selected procedures, IUI or IVF. Only sperm samples that have already been quarantined and tested can be used.

IUI with donor sperm: The sperm sample is tested, and is prepared by washing before giving it to the doctor. During the time of ovulation in the female, the donor sperms are placed inside the uterus with the help of a catheter. The procedure is simple and painless. A pregnancy test is performed after two weeks to determine the success of the procedure.

IVF with donor sperm: The sperm sample is fused with the retrieved eggs in an IVF lab. The resulting embryos are transferred to the uterus for implantation.  A pregnancy test is performed after two weeks later to determine the success of the procedure.

Success Rate of Donor Inseminations:

Women who are healthy with no fertility issues in the past and under 35 years of age have a success rate of 50-60% with donor inseminations. Low success rates are observed when the woman crosses the age of 35 or if any gynaecological issues are present.

With easy access to sperm banks nowadays, a lot couples who are diagnosed with infertility are opting for sperm donation option.

At Gaudium IVF, we respect the privacy of all our patients so no information related to donor insemination is disclosed to anybody.The identity related information of both the patient and the donor is kept anonymous. The confidentiality of personal information is one of he biggest concerns most couples ask about before opting for the treatment.

Gaudium IVF, the top IVF Clinic in Delhi suggests that before taking this big decision,  carefully study, research and then select a reputed IVF Clinic offering Sperm Donation.

For in-depth information consult, Dr. Manika Khanna, the leading IVF specialist in Delhi.