Answer: In simple terms, IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is the process of fertilization that happens outside the body. The egg and the sperm are fertilized in a laboratory and once the fertilization happens, the embryo is transferred to the uterus. This cycle involves the following steps:
- Ovarian Stimulation: To stimulate the ovaries, gonadotrophins are given to produce multiple eggs so that the success rate can be enhanced.
- Egg Collection: A suction device is inserted in the vagina to draw the fluid out of every follicle.
- Sperm Collection: A Semen sample is taken from the male partner and it is then prepared in the laboratory and the healthiest sperm is used for IVF.
- Insemination: For the fertilization to happen the eggs and sperm are placed together and this process takes 18 hours. Approximately 12 hours post this step, the embryo begins to divide.
- Embryo Development: At this stage of the process, the embryo turns into a blastocyst and later the embryo transfer happens.
- Pregnancy: Once the embryo is transferred and it attaches to the inside of the uterus, pregnancy gets confirmed.