What causes infertility?

Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after at least one year of unprotected sexual intercourse. According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, approximately 8-10% couples experience some form of infertility during their lifetime. While infertility is usually attributed to women, male infertility is responsible for nearly half of all infertility cases.

A number of biological, medical and environmental factors can cause infertility in men and women.

Causes of Male Infertility

Men experience infertility when there is a problem with sperm production, when the sperm being produced are of poor quality, or when there is a problem with transport of sperm through the male reproductive system. These may be caused by:

  • Advancing age
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Testicular trauma
  • Infection
  • Presence of anti-sperm antibodies
  • Varicoceles (swollen veins in the testicle or scrotum)
  • Obstruction in the reproductive tract
  • Congenital defect
  • Smoking or drug abuse
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Exposure to radiation or toxins
  • Working trends & environment

Causes of Female Infertility

While the age of a woman is critical to her ability to conceive spontaneously, several other factors can cause female infertility.

  • Advancing age
  • Thyroid disorder
  • Polycystic ovaries
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Ovulatory disorders
  • Amenorrhea (no periods)
  • Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Poor ovarian reserve
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Recurrent miscarriage
  • Infections
  • Premature menopause
  • Pelvic adhesive disease
  • Anatomical defects
  • Smoking or drug abuse
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Exposure to radiation or toxins
  • Working trends & environment

Under the leadership of acclaimed IVF Specialist Dr. Manika Khanna, Gaudium IVF & Gynae Solutions Centre provides advanced treatment solutions for a range of fertility disorders.

To request a consultation, please call +91 8527 858585 or write to us at info@gaudiumivfcentre.com