Advanced Treatment Solutions for Male-Factor Infertility

Male Infertility Treatment in Delhi

Male infertility contributes to the inability to conceive in over 40% of infertility cases worldwide. There are several factors responsible for infertility in men, leading to sperm-related problems that make spontaneous conception difficult.

Diagnosis of male infertility usually begins with a semen analysis – a simple test which provides detailed information about the quantity and quality of the sperm being produced. Based on results of the semen analysis, your doctor may advise further testing or proceed to devise a personalised fertility treatment plan.

Sperm-related conditions that cause infertility in men:

  • Oligospermia: poor sperm count (below 20 million sperm per ml semen)
  • Azoospermia: nil sperm
  • Abnormal sperm morphology: abnormal shape, size or structure
  • Asthenospermia: poor sperm motility – inability of sperm to swim through the female’s reproductive organs to reach the egg

Gaudium IVF & Gynae Solutions Centre is a trusted name in mild to severe male-factor infertility treatment in India. Our team of fertility specialists comprises top andrologists with decades of experience in the treatment of all forms of male infertility.

Treatments for male infertility at Gaudium IVF include:

Medication for hormone imbalance

Useful in temporary infertility caused by environmental or lifestyle factors. Imbalance of the testosterone and estrogen hormones negatively affects the production of sperm. Based on the patient’s fertility analysis, hormone therapy is given to restore hormone levels to help normalise sperm production.

If this treatment does not work, more intensive treatment is undertaken.

ICSI – Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

ICSI is an advanced form of in vitro fertilization (IVF) where a single sperm is made to penetrate a single egg to maximise the likelihood of successful fertilization. ICSI is a highly effective treatment option for men with low sperm count, poor sperm quality or nil sperm.

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TESA – Testicular Sperm Aspiration

TESA is a minimally-invasive procedure to retrieve sperm when sufficient sperm are not available through ejaculation. This may be due to: physical obstruction in the reproductive tract, poor sperm production, retrograde ejaculation, or vasectomy.

TESA is a sophisticated technique which involves passing a fine needle into the testis to collect seminal fluid into a syringe. Healthy sperm are then separated from the semen and prepared for use in an IVF/ICSI cycle. TESA is performed under local anaesthesia and takes no more than 10 minutes.

TESE – Testicular Sperm Extraction

In TESE, a small incision is made into the scrotum and testicular tissue is removed from which sperm are collected using a microscope. TESA and TESE are used in combination with IVF/ICSI in couples with severe male-factor infertility.

Varicocelectomy (Varicocele repair)

A minimally invasive procedure done under local anaesthesia, varicocelectomy is the surgery to repair swollen veins (varicoceles) in the scrotum, the pouch of skin that holds the testicles in place. Varicocele repair surgery may be recommended when there is no other recourse to treat male factor infertility, in men with testicular dystrophy (shrinking of the testicles), or when the patient is experiencing acute pain and discomfort due to the condition.

Sperm Preservation (sperm freezing)

Sperm are cryopreserved, or frozen, and stored in a sperm bank to preserve fertility. Gaudium IVF employs the latest advanced vitrification method for cryopreservation of sperm and embryos. Vitrification is a fast-freezing method which minimizes the risk of cell damage associated with the conventional slow-freezing technique.

If you have questions about male fertility treatments at Gaudium IVF, or would like to schedule a first consultation or a second opinion, please call +91-11-48 85 85 85 or write to us at