male-infertilityThe number of childless couples in India & statistics of male infertility are increasing at a faster pace. The male infertility rate in India is on the rise. Though the very root cause of male infertility remains undetermined, a few factors that have led to infertility among men in India have been determined. The main cause behind male infertility is the quality or the number of sperm in males.

Some of the common causes of male infertility in India are:

Sperm Disorders

Sperm disorders are the prime reason behind the increasing male infertility rate in India. Low sperm count or sperm with lower mobility can lead to infertility in males. With changing lifestyles and growing stress, most men in India are addicted to drinking alcohol and smoking. Smoking, as well as drinking, lowers the number of sperm in males and results in infertility. Hormone problems, childhood infections, and long-term sickness can also cause sperm disorders in males.


Varicocele refers to the swelling of the veins. It is one of the common causes of male infertility in India that can be successfully reversed. Varicocele reduces the quality of sperm in males. With the help of assisted reproductive techniques like IVF, varicocele can be successfully treated.

Hormone Imbalance

Hormonal imbalances are another potential cause of male infertility in India. Hormonal imbalances may be caused due to various reasons that lead to infertility.

Stress and Obesity

Stress and obesity are two of the most significant issues leading to an increase in male infertility in India. The growing emotional stress and changing eating habits impact the fertility of men in a negative way.


Tumors and cancers have become common diseases in India. With the increase in the number of cancer and tumor patients, the male infertility rate is also increasing. The dangerous diseases affect the male reproductive organs and cause infertility. In some other cases, the use of chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery to treat the tumors affects the fertility of males.


Surprisingly, the medications that are used to cure people have also led to an increase in male infertility in India. Certain cancer medications, antifungal medications, drugs for ulcers, and other medications are found to cause infertility in males. The increased use of steroids in India is also a potential cause for the rising male fertility. The medicines are found to impair sperm production in males and decrease their fertility of males. Medications for high blood pressure, arthritis, depression, and digestive problems also give rise to infertility in males.


Infections are another potential cause of infertility in males in India. Severe infections affect sperm health and lead to a decrease in the production of sperm. Infections like HIV, epididymis inflammation, and others cause infertility in males.

Chromosome Defect

Chromosome defect is another reason behind the increasing infertility rate in India. Chromosome defects affect the development of the male organs and increase the number of males with infertility problems.

Alcohol and Drug

The increase in the consumption of alcohol and drug is one of the prominent causes of male infertility in Delhi, India. The use of drugs like marijuana and alcohol decreases sperm production and affects fertility.