Being diagnosed with infertility can be a devastating experience for a couple. Yet it is important to realize that this is not the end of the road. Medical science has come up with advanced solutions to make conception possible even in the most hopeless of cases. What is really important is to look for the right place to get treatment. There are several reputed infertility clinics in Delhi where patients are offered the best in advanced reproductive treatments.
The patients must make sure that they get timely and effective treatment to resolve the problems at the earliest. The first step in this direction is to get a proper diagnosis. The infertility specialist first looks for the root of the problem; whether it is attributed to male infertility, female infertility or combined infertility. The best treatment option is decided depending upon the individual circumstances and requirements. The best infertility clinic in Delhi would offer tailor made treatment to make sure that it comes easy and cost-effective.
Here are at the most widely used Assisted Reproductive Techniques and see which one would be best in various circumstances:
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Also known as artificial insemination, this ART involves placing the male sperms directly into the uterus. The process uses a sample of healthy sperms and transfers them into the uterus with a long, narrow catheter. The rest of the work is done by nature as sperms can fertilize the egg to facilitate pregnancy. IUI can be done with fresh or donor sperms and has a success rate that goes up to 20%. Factors like maternal age, use of fertility medications and cause of infertility can influence the success of the ART.
IUI comes up as the best option when a woman suffers from problems related to uterus and cervix. The most common amongst these are uterine scarring and cervical mucus hostility, during which the sperm cannot reach the uterus. Poor sperm count and mobility are other indications for using this technique. Men who suffer from erectile dysfunction and retrograde ejaculation can also get effective results with IUI.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
A large number of specialized IVF Centre in Delhi offer the Assisted Reproductive Technique called In Vitro Fertilization. IVF in itself is a miraculous procedure, an art as well as science. It brings together the male sperms and female eggs to create an embryo in a lab dish. The procedure starts with stimulation of female ovaries to generate multiple, healthy eggs. The eggs are then surgically retrieved and fertilized with sperms under favorable lab conditions. After being cultured for 3 or 5 days, the ready embryos are transferred in the uterus for implantation.
IVF is a protocol based ART which has to be carried out step by step in a rigorous manner. Though it offers a considerably good success rate, the cost goes high and the process is complicated too. However, it can be effective for more complicated cases such as those involving blocked fallopian tubes, severe endometriosis and recurrent failed IUI cycles. Severe male factor infertility cases like those with very poor sperm count and quality can also avail benefit from this ART.
Intracytoplasmic Insemination (ICSI)
Intracytoplasmic Insemination or ICSI is an advanced version of IVF. Instead of fertilizing the egg with a semen sample, this ART involves direct injection of a single sperm into an egg. All the steps prior to this one and after this one are the same as for IVF. The application of this advanced technique increases the chances of conception manifold. It works for patients with serious problems related to sperm count, morphology and motility. The best thing about it is that even a single sperm can result in conception.
Sperm Donation/Egg Donation
As the names suggest, sperm donation and egg donation make use of donor sperms and eggs respectively. While the former is used in cases of male factor infertility, the latter helps such women who produce poor quality eggs or no eggs. Donor sperms are also used when there are genetic issues which can cause the baby to be afflicted with birth defects. Sperm donation can be coupled with IUI or IVF to lead to healthy pregnancies.
On the other hand, egg donation is useful for women of advanced maternal age. Such women who have lost the ability to produce viable eggs can use those of a younger woman to conceive. Similarly, women with primary ovary insufficiency and early menopause can also get pregnant with donated eggs. Those born without ovaries or the ones whose ovaries have been removed surgically are candidates for egg donation. The technique is done in conjugation with IVF, where it is the donor eggs which are fertilized instead of the woman’s own eggs.
Another high-tech ART which has made pregnancy possible for almost impossible cases is surrogacy. Like egg donation and sperm donation, this technique also involves a third party, here a surrogate mother. It involves renting the womb of a woman so that she can carry a couple’s baby and give birth to it. Surrogacy is of two types- traditional and gestational.
Traditional surrogacy has the surrogate impregnated with IUI, using the male partner’s sperms. Here, the surrogate is also the biological mother of the baby though by contract, she cannot claim legal rights on it. It is used when the woman neither produces healthy eggs nor is she in a position to carry pregnancy full term.
Gestational surrogacy involves the implantation of an IVF fertilized embryo in the surrogate’s womb for pregnancy to continue. The embryo may be synthesized with the woman’s own eggs or donor eggs, as the case may be. Technically speaking, there is no biological link between the surrogate and the baby; her job is confined to carrying the baby and delivering it.
The infertility clinics in Delhi provide guidance to the patients about all these ART option and help them decide the best one. Some other techniques such as Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT) and Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT) may also be suggested. But these techniques involve minor surgery, which has made them less popular as compared to the ones mentioned above.
Gaudium IVF, the top IVF clinic in Delhi, is a trusted name where patient can get the best treatment for the most complicated infertility issues. Contact today for free second opinion from Dr Manika Khanna, the expert infertility specialist in Delhi.