Dealing with menstrual symptoms is a part of every woman’s life journey. The pain during periods and the wetness of the sanitary napkins can give jitters during the early years but becomes a routine until you reach menopause. If your menstrual cycle is perfect, you will get your menses on the scheduled date, but problems arise when there is some menstrual irregularity, and this cannot be ignored.

What is the menstrual cycle?

Menstrual cycle or periods are the changes that occur in the female reproductive organs every month, which are responsible for pregnancy. Your menstrual cycle is an indicator of your health, and thus any change in this means there is some irregularity somewhere which must be treated. Estrogen and progesterone impact menstruation and regulate the menstrual cycle.

Menstruation symptoms are experienced by every female, and these are:

  • Bloating
  • Fatigue
  • Sore breasts
  • Pelvic cramps
  • Lower back pain
  • Menstrual Problems

Menstrual problem is associated with the irregularity in periods which can be due to:

  • Change in the time duration of each cycle
  • Sudden heavy or low blood flow during menses
  • Excessive variation in the number of days for which the periods last
  • Excessive pain during periods
  • Inter-menstrual bleeding
  • Oligomenorrhea

Menstrual irregularity can be caused due to:

  • Breastfeeding
  • Frequent changes in birth control pills
  • PCOS
  • Hypothyroid or hyperthyroid
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Thickening of the uterine lining
  • Excessive exercise
  • Having an intrauterine device
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Perimenopause
  • Cushing’s syndrome

There are several reasons behind heavy or prolonged bleeding:

  • PCOS
  • Adolescence
  • Growth on the lining of the uterus
  • In case there is uterine lining in the wall of the uterus
  • Miscarriage
  • Leukemia, clotting deficiency
  • Uterine fibroids

Menstrual Pain can be caused due to:

  • Heavy flow
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Scarring in the pelvic region due to sexually transmitted diseases.

Treatment of menstruation problem

Menstruation Problems should not be ignored, and treatment for menstrual irregularity is important for ensuring sound health, and it becomes all the more important if you are planning for a baby.

  1. Treatment for absent periods or irregular periods :
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Cyclic progestin
  • Changes in the diet
  1. Treatment for excessive bleeding or prolonged bleeding:
  • Insertion of intrauterine device which releases hormones
  • Use of anti-inflammatory medicines
  • Surgery might be required:
  • To remove fibroids
  • To block the flow of blood to the uterus
  • To cauterize blood vessels in the endometrial lining
  1. Treatment for painful periods:
  • Keep a heating pad on the abdomen
  • Take anti-inflammatory medicines

Menses are an integral part of the life of a woman, and any variation in these should not be dealt with lightly, and the doctor should be approached immediately to find the cause of the variation so that the treatment can get started before it gets too late.

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