The concerns of male infertility have increased in recent times, and one of the dominant problems is azoospermia. The characteristic of this male infertility disease is the absence of sperm in the ejaculate of the person. The following discussion would focus on the important details such as azoospermia treatment and the causes. Also, the discussion would cover the types of male infertility disease and measures for diagnosis.
Types of Azoospermia
There are two types of Azoospermia known as obstructive and non-obstructive azoospermia. In the case of obstructive azoospermia, the production of sperm is normal, albeit with a blockage in the path from the testicle to the ejaculatory duct. On the other hand, non-obstructive azoospermia is associated with lower sperm production.
Causes of Azoospermia
The focus on azoospermia causes should be distributed for the obstructive and non-obstructive type. The causes of obstructive azoospermia are as follows.
- Blockage of ejaculatory duct.
- Radical prostatectomy in cases of prostate cancer treatment.
- Infections of the epididymis.
- Cystic Fibrosis.
The causes of non-obstructive azoospermia are as follows.
- Effects of certain drugs.
- Chronic narcotic use leading to impaired testosterone and sperm production levels.
- History of prescribed or self-administered testosterone replacement.
- History of radiation and chemotherapy.
- Varicocele leading to maturation arrest.
- Genetic abnormalities such as Klinefelter’s syndrome.
- Other causes may include lower hormone levels, groin injuries, or retrograde ejaculation.
Diagnosis is the first step for treatment
However, there is no reason to worry about azoospermia cure as it could be possible through proper diagnosis and treatment. The diagnosis of infertility can be fairly challenging and disturbing for many men. However, azoospermia accounts for around 10% of the total male infertility cases. Therefore, the importance of early diagnosis in such cases is crucial for treatment. The diagnosis for azoospermia involves the following procedures.
- Testing your sperm sample.
- Physical examination.
- Hormone testing.
- A detailed review of medical history.
- Genetic screening.
- Genital tract imaging using ultrasound, MRI, or CT scan.
Many of the azoospermia success stories would praise the effectiveness of diagnosis in identifying the exact cause before treatment.
Treatment of Azoospermia
The next important concern lies in the identification of appropriate measures for azoospermia treatment. Generally, the common recommendation to deal with such male infertility issues due to lack of sperm is to opt for sperm retrieval. However, you need to look at all the options available to you before making a final choice.
Treating obstructive azoospermia
The foremost choice for obstructive azoospermia treatment is microsurgical reconstruction for removing the blockages in the ejaculatory duct. Microsurgical reconstruction can also help in removing blockages in the epididymis that can be very difficult to repair.
Treating non-obstructive azoospermia
The options for non-obstructive azoospermia treatment in India and other countries aim at improving the body’s capability for the production of sperm. Doctors can consult with the azoospermic patients about the possible causes of their infertility and recommend remedial measures. The common method for treating non-obstructive azoospermia is hormone treatment.
Hormone treatment helps in increasing the possibilities of finding sperm during retrieval. The hormones used generally in such cases include Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). The azoospermia treatment cost depends largely on the diagnosis and the treatment procedure recommended by the doctor.
Azoospermia is something not to be taken lightly! Do not hesitate to consult with a doctor and find out the problem along with proven treatment.